in Scots law, a document that meets the requisite formalities to be treated as signed by the grantor without the need for proof. This is a new idea, replacing many well-established and ancient rules. The rules applicable are all found in one modern Act – the Requirements of Writing (Scotland) Act 1995. The essential requirement is that the deed be signed by the grantor and witnessed by one witness whose name and address must be stated. The document is not self-proving if the signature purporting to be that of a witness is false, if the witness is also the grantor, if he did not know the grantor, is under 16 years of age, is mentally incapable or does not witness the signature or its acknowledgement. Documents need only be signed on the last page unless they are wills. Where there is not statutory presumption of self-proving status, the court can be petitioned to declare it so. Alterations made prior to execution are valid if the deed itself is signed and they are presumed as valid if mentioned in the testing clause. Only certain contracts need to be in writing and of these only some require to be self-proving. Writing is required for the creation transfer or variation of an interest in land and for the making of wills. It is required for a trust where a person is making himself sole trustee of his own property. Where there is a need for writing under the Act and there is none, special provisions exist to allow the contract to be upheld, notwithstanding the absence of writing, reflecting the common law doctrines of rei interventus and homologation, which both still exist albeit they may not be used in cases where the Act applies. The special provisions focus on reliance by the parties and whether such reliance has been with the knowledge and acquiescence of the other party to a material extent and take into account whether there would be an adverse effect if the contract were allowed to be ignored. Thus, if A buys a house from B but the requirements of writing are not met, then A will still get the house and B cannot escape if A had been allowed by B to build a conservatory attached to it and had sold his own house.
Collins dictionary of law. W. J. Stewart. 2001.
Look at other dictionaries:
self–proving — self–prov·ing / self prü viŋ/ adj 1: containing proof of its own validity a self–proving will 2: providing or being the evidence that renders something self proving; esp: being an affidavit signed by the witnesses to a will attesting to the will… … Law dictionary
self-proving — adj. * * * … Universalium
self-proving — adj … Useful english dictionary
self-proving will — A will that is created in a way that allows a probate court to easily accept it as the true will of the person who has died. In some states, a will is self proving when two witnesses sign under penalty of perjury that they observed the willmaker… … Law dictionary
self-proving instrument — A written instrument admissible in evidence without preliminary proof of genuineness. 29 Am J2d Ev § 853 … Ballentine's law dictionary
self–proved — / self prüvd/ adj: self proving (1) Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 … Law dictionary
Self-verifying theories — are consistent first order systems of arithmetic much weaker than Peano arithmetic that are capable of proving their own consistency. Dan Willard was the first to investigate their properties, and he has described a family of such systems.… … Wikipedia
self-authentication — n. The act of proving that something, usually a document, is genuine or true without the use of extrinsic evidence. For example, notarized documents and certified copies of public records are usually deemed to be self authenticating. Webster s… … Law dictionary
Automated theorem proving — (ATP) or automated deduction, currently the most well developed subfield of automated reasoning (AR), is the proving of mathematical theorems by a computer program. Decidability of the problem Depending on the underlying logic, the problem of… … Wikipedia
Subliminal self — The phrase subliminal self, which is one that has figured largely of recent years in discussions of the problems of Psychical Research, owes its wide currency to the writings of FWH Myers, especially to his posthumous work Human Personality and… … Wikipedia