prejudice


prejudice
prej·u·dice 1 /'pre-jə-dəs/ n [Old French, from Latin praejudicium previous judgment, damage, from prae- before + judicium judgment]
1: injury or detriment to one's legal rights or claims (as from the action of another): as
a: substantial impairment of a defendant's ability to defend
the court found no prejudice to the defendant by the lengthy delay in bringing charges
b: tendency for a decision on an improper basis (as past conduct) by a trier of fact
whether an ex parte communication to a deliberating jury resulted in any reasonable possibility of prejudice to the defendantNational Law Journal
c: implied waiver of rights and privileges not explicitly retained
District Court erred in attaching prejudice to prisoner's complaint for injunctive reliefNational Law Journal
2: a final and binding decision (as an adjudication on the merits) that bars further prosecution of the same cause of action or motion
dismisses this case with prejudice
the dismissal was without prejudice
3 a: an irrational attitude of hostility directed against an individual, a group, a race, or their supposed characteristics
the Constitution does not prohibit laws based on prejudice per se — R. H. Bork
b: an attitude or disposition (as of a judge) that prevents impartiality
that the judge before whom the matter is pending has a personal bias or prejudice...against himU.S. Code
prejudice 2 vt -diced, -dic·ing
1: to injure or damage the rights of by some legal action or prejudice
if it appears that a defendant or the government is prejudiced by a joinder of offensesFederal Rules of Criminal Procedure Rule 14
2: to injure or damage (rights) by some legal action or prejudice
that the denial prejudiced his right to a fair trial
this clause does not prejudice other rights

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

prejudice
I (injury) noun damage, detriment, detrimentum, disadvantage, harm, hurt, impairment, injustice, irreversible damage, loss, unfairness, wrong associated concepts: absence of prejudice, dismissal with prejudice, dismissal without prejudice, prejudice to a party's rights, prejudicial error II (preconception) noun bent, bias, discrimination, favoritism, forejudgment, inclination, intolerance, leaning, narrow-mindedness, one-sidedness, opinio praeiudicata, partiality, partisanship, personal bias, preconceived idea, preconceived notion, preconception, predetermination, predilection, predisposition, preference, prejudgment, prepossession, provincialism, slant, subjectivity, unreasonable bias associated concepts: disqualification for bias III (influence) verb affect, bear upon, bend to one's will, bias, bring pressure to bear, carry weight, color, convince, distort, exercise influence over, exercise influence upon, exert influence, gain over, give an inclination, have influence over, have influence upon, influence against, jaundice, persuade, predetermine, predispose, prejudge, prepossess unfavorably, present with bias, prevail over, slant, sway, turn, twist, warp, win over associated concepts: prejudice the trier of fact IV (injure) verb affect detrimentally, cause damage to, cause detriment, cause pain, damage, demolish, destroy, devastate, disadvantage, disservice, exacerbate, harm, hurt, impair, inflict injury, maim, mar, play havoc with, ravage, ruin, spoil, taint, weaken, wound, wreck, wrong associated concepts: prejudicial error V index bias, damage, detriment, disadvantage (noun), disadvantage (verb), discrimination (bigotry), drawback, exclusion, favor (partiality), favoritism, foregone conclusion, hatred, inclination, inequality, inequity, influence, injury, injustice, intolerance, ostracism, partiality, penchant, preconception, predetermination, predilection, predisposition, preference (choice), proclivity, segregation (isolation by races), slant, tendency

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006


prejudice
n.
Bias; prejudgment not based on actual experience or evidence; injury to a party that results from preconceived notions about the facts.
v.
To cause prejudice; to harm.
adj.
prejudicial

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.


prejudice
n. A leaning toward one side in a lawsuit; an opinion held favoring one side without having heard the case; a predisposition or bias.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.


prejudice
A forejudgment; bias; partiality; preconceived opinion. A leaning toward one side of a cause for some reason other than a conviction of its justice.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.


prejudice
A forejudgment; bias; partiality; preconceived opinion. A leaning toward one side of a cause for some reason other than a conviction of its justice.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Prejudice — prejudice …   Dictionary of sociology

  • préjudice — [ preʒydis ] n. m. • 1265; lat. præjudicium « jugement anticipé », de præjudicare « préjuger » 1 ♦ Perte d un bien, d un avantage par le fait d autrui; acte ou événement nuisible aux intérêts de qqn et le plus souvent contraire au droit, à la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • prejudice — Prejudice, in normal usage, means preconceived opinion or bias, against or in favour of, a person or thing. While it is important to remember that biases can be positive as well as negative, nevertheless the term most commonly refers to a… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • préjudice — Préjudice. s. m. Tort, dommage. Notable préjudice. préjudice fort considerable. porter préjudice à quelqu un, luy causer, luy faire un grand préjudice. souffrir un grand préjudice. cela me seroit d un grand préjudice. On dit, Au préjudice de sa… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Prejudice — Préjudice Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Droit 2 Cinéma 3 Musique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • prejudice — Prejudice, m. penac. Est avantjugé, un jugement donné qui fait consequence à ce qui reste à juger, Praeiudicium. Voilà pourquoy on en use pour dommage, comme, Cela tourne à mon grand prejudice, Id magno mihi est detrimento. Et, Sans prejudice de… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Prejudice — Prej u*dice, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Prejudiced}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Prejudicing}.] [Cf. F. pr[ e]judicier. See {Prejudice}, n.] 1. To cause to have prejudice; to prepossess with opinions formed without due knowledge or examination; to bias the mind… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • prejudice — [prej′ə dis] n. [ME < MFr < L praejudicium < prae , before (see PRE ) + judicium, judgment < judex (gen. judicis), JUDGE] 1. a judgment or opinion formed before the facts are known; preconceived idea, favorable or, more usually,… …   English World dictionary

  • prejudice — in the meaning ‘bias’ or ‘partiality’, is followed by against or in favour of, but not (on the analogy of hostility, objection, etc.) to: a prejudice against eating late, not ☒ a prejudice to eating late. In its meaning ‘irrational dislike’, it… …   Modern English usage

  • prejudice — ► NOUN 1) preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or experience. 2) unjust behaviour formed on such a basis. 3) chiefly Law harm that may result from some action or judgement. ► VERB 1) give rise to prejudice in (someone); make biased.… …   English terms dictionary


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