fore·clos·ure /fōr-'klō-zhər/ n
1: a legal proceeding that bars or extinguishes a mortgagor's equity of redemption in mortgaged real property see also deficiency judgment at judgment, redeem, right of redemption, statutory foreclosure, strict foreclosure 1
2: the extinguishment (as under the provisions of Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code) of the rights of a debtor in personal property subject to a security interest by judicial proceedings and esp. by judicial sale see also strict foreclosure 2

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

I noun confiscation, deprivation, disentitlement, dislodgment, dispossession, distraint, distress, divestment, enforcement of mortgage, eviction, expropriation, expulsion, forfeiture, legal enforcement of a lien, privation, process of extinguishment of rights, removal, suit to extinguish the equity of redemption associated concepts: ejectment, foreclosure decree, foreclosure of a lien, foreclosure of a mortgage, foreclosure of collateral, foreclosure proceedings, foreclosure sale, redemption by purchaser II index attachment (seizure), bar (obstruction), condemnation (seizure), disseisin, expropriation (divestiture), forfeiture (act of forfeiting), taking

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

the right to take mortgaged property in satisfaction of the amount due. Where a mortgagor has defaulted on his obligations under the terms of the mortgage, the mortgagee has a number of powers available to him to protect his investment. One of these is the power to foreclose. Foreclosure can be effected only by an order of the court that involves, first, the granting of an order of foreclosure nisi, which effectively gives the mortgagor six months' grace within which to raise the sums due; if the mortgagor has failed to do this, the foreclosure becomes absolute, whereupon the rights of the mortgagor in the property cease and become vested in the mortgagee.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

The legal process by which a creditor with a claim (lien) on real estate forces a sale of the property in order to collect on the lien. Foreclosure typically begins when a homeowner falls behind on mortgage payments for several months.(See also: judicial foreclosure, nonjudicial foreclosure)
Category: Bankruptcy, Foreclosure & Debt → Bankruptcy
Category: Bankruptcy, Foreclosure & Debt → Foreclosure
Category: Personal Finance & Retirement
Category: Real Estate & Rental Property → Homeowners

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

This term has different meanings depending on the context in which it is used:
• In the context of property law, where, if a mortgagor of land fails to repay the loan, the mortgagee obtains a court order under which it becomes owner of the land.
• In the context of competition law, the closing of potential opportunities to actual or potential competitors by means of exclusivity arrangements (so that, for example, a party who agrees to purchase all his requirements for products of a particular range from one supplier denies other suppliers the opportunity of supplying him). There will be foreclosure where such arrangements make it difficult to enter the market and where there are no concrete possibilities for bypassing those arrangements, for example, by acquiring or using other distribution formats.
+ foreclosure
foreclose, Also known as foreclosure.
A secured lender's act to terminate a debtor's interest in collateral. The lender can either take title and possession of the collateral or force a sale of the collateral.
Related links

Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms. . 2010.

n. An action brought by the holder of a security interest in property to terminate the owner's interest in order to take possession of, or to sell the property, in satisfaction of the secured debt.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

A procedure by which the holder of a mortgage—an interest in land providing security for the performance of a duty or the payment of a debt—sells the property upon the failure of the debtor to pay the mortgage debt and, thereby, terminates his or her rights in the property.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

A procedure by which the holder of a mortgage—an interest in land providing security for the performance of a duty or the payment of a debt—sells the property upon the failure of the debtor to pay the mortgage debt and, thereby, terminates his or her rights in the property.
II A court proceeding upon default in a mortgage to vest title in the mortgagee.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

   the system by which a party who has loaned money secured by a mortgage or deed of trust on real property (or has an unpaid judgment), requires sale of the real property to recover the money due, unpaid interest, plus the costs of foreclosure, when the debtor fails to make payment. After the payments on the promissory note (which is evidence of the loan) have become delinquent for several months (time varies from state to state), the lender can have a notice of default served on the debtor (borrower) stating the amount due and the amount necessary to "cure" the default. If the delinquency and costs of foreclosure are not paid within a specified period, then the lender (or the trustee in states using deeds of trust) will set a foreclosure date, after which the property may be sold at public sale. Up to the time of foreclosure (or even afterwards in some states) the defaulting borrower can pay all delinquencies and costs (which are then greater due to foreclosure costs) and "redeem" the property. Upon sale of the property the amount due is paid to the creditor (lender or owner of the judgment) and the remainder of the money received from the sale, if any, is paid to the lender. There is also judicial foreclosure in which the lender can bring suit for foreclosure against the defaulting borrower for the delinquency and force a sale. This is used in several states with the mortgage system or in deed of trust states when it appears that the amount due is greater than the equity value of the real property, and the lender wishes to get a deficiency judgment for the amount still due after sale. This is not necessary in those states which give deficiency judgments without filing a lawsuit when the foreclosure is upon the mortgage or deed of trust.

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Foreclosure — Fore*clo sure (?; 135), n. The act or process of foreclosing; a proceeding which bars or extinguishes a mortgager s right of redeeming a mortgaged estate. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • foreclosure — A termination of the mortgagor s rights in real property a trustee at the request of the mortgagee by virtue of a default (SA That action that a lender will take to repossess and sell a piece of property for defaults in mortgage… …   Glossary of Bankruptcy

  • foreclosure — (n.) 1728, from FORECLOSE (Cf. foreclose) + URE (Cf. ure) …   Etymology dictionary

  • foreclosure — [fôr klō′zhər] n. the legal procedure for satisfying claims against a mortgagor in default who has not redeemed the mortgage: satisfaction may be obtained from the proceeds of a forced sale of the property …   English World dictionary

  • Foreclosure — For Lacan s psychoanalytic process, see Foreclosure (psychoanalysis). House in Salinas, California under foreclosure, following the popping of the U.S. real estate bubble. Foreclosure is the legal process by which a mortgage lender (mortgagee),… …   Wikipedia

  • foreclosure — A remedy provided by state law for creditors secured by an interest in real property to obtain title to the property under certain conditions. American Banker Glossary Process by which the holder of a mortgage seizes the property of a homeowner… …   Financial and business terms

  • foreclosure — /forklowzhsr/ To shut out, to bar, to destroy an equity of redemption. Anderson v. Barr, 178 Okl. 508, 62 P.2d 1242, 1246. A termination of all rights of the mortgagor or his grantee in the property covered by the mortgage. The process by which a …   Black's law dictionary

  • foreclosure — /fawr kloh zheuhr, fohr /, n. Law. the act of foreclosing a mortgage or pledge. [1720 30; FORECLOSE + URE] * * * Legal proceeding by which a borrower s rights to a mortgaged property may be extinguished if the borrower fails to live up to the… …   Universalium

  • foreclosure — [[t]fɔː(r)klo͟ʊʒə(r)[/t]] foreclosures N VAR Foreclosure is when someone who has lent money to a person or organization so that they can buy property takes possession of the property because the money has not been repaid. [TECHNICAL] If… …   English dictionary

  • foreclosure — The legal right of a lender of money if the borrower fails to repay the money or part of it on the due date. The lender must apply to a court to be permitted to sell the property that has been held as security for the debt. The court will order a …   Accounting dictionary

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