jury trial

jury trial
jury trial n: a trial in which a jury serves as the trier of fact – called also trial by jury; see also article iii article vi and vii amendments vi and vii to the constitution in the back matter compare bench trial
◇ The right to a jury trial is established in the U.S. Constitution, but it is not an absolute right. The Supreme Court has stated that petty crimes (as those carrying a sentence of up to 6 months) do not require trial by jury. The right to a jury trial in a criminal case may be waived by the “express and intelligent consent” of the defendant, usu. in writing, as well as, in federal cases, the approval of the court and consent of the prosecutor. There is no right to a jury trial in equity cases. When a civil case involves both legal and equitable issues or procedure, either party may demand a jury trial (and failure to do so is taken as a waiver), but the judge may find that there is no right to jury trial because of equitable issues or claims.

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

jury trial
A trial that takes place before a jury, in which the jury hears the testimony and sees evidence and then renders a decision about the facts in accordance with the judge’s instructions. See also bench trial

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

jury trial
A trial of a lawsuit or criminal prosecution in which the case is presented to a jury for final determination of the factual questions. Compare: court trial
Category: Accidents & Injuries
Category: Criminal Law
Category: Representing Yourself in Court
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

jury trial
n. A trial in which a jury will serve as the finder of fact.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

jury trial
   a trial of a lawsuit or criminal prosecution in which the case is presented to a jury and the factual questions and the final judgment are determined by a jury. This is distinguished from a "court trial" in which the judge decides factual as well as legal questions, and makes the final judgment.
   See also: jury

Law dictionary. . 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jury trial — Trial by jury is a legal proceeding in which a jury either makes a decision or makes findings of fact which are then applied by a judge. It is to be distinguished from a bench trial where a judge or panel of judges make all decisions.English… …   Wikipedia

  • jury trial — Trial of matter or cause before jury as opposed to trial before judge. Such right is guaranteed with respect to criminal cases by Art. Ill, Sec. 2, cl. 3 of U.S.Const., and with respect to suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall …   Black's law dictionary

  • jury trial — n. to waive a jury trial * * * to waive a jury trial …   Combinatory dictionary

  • jury trial — See trial by jury …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • jury trial — noun A legal process in which the guilt or liability of a party is determined by a jury, a group of citizens selected from the local population …   Wiktionary

  • civil jury trial — Trial of civil action before a jury rather than before a judge. In suits at common law in Federal court where value in controversy exceeds $20.00, there is constitutional right to jury trial. U.S.Const., 7th Amend.; Fed.R.Civil P. 38. See also… …   Black's law dictionary

  • Summary Jury Trial — is an alternative dispute resolution technique, increasingly being used in civil disputes in the United States.It is one of the new forms of dispute resolution being advanced by the regular courts in an effort to reduce docket congestion. In… …   Wikipedia

  • Non-jury trial — In a non jury trial the fact finder is one or more professional judges rather than a jury of the defendant s peers . In common law jurisdictions, all trials in equity, of petty criminal offenses and violations, and of small claims at law are non… …   Wikipedia

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