par·ty n pl parties
1 a: one (as a person, group, or entity) constituting alone or with others one of the sides of a proceeding, transaction, or agreement
the parties to a contract
a person who signed the instrument as a party to the instrumentUniform Commercial Code
accommodated party: a party to an instrument for whose benefit an accommodation party signs and incurs liability on the instrument: a party for whose benefit an accommodation is made
accommodation party: a party who signs and thereby incurs liability on an instrument that is issued for value and given for the benefit of an accommodated party
secured party: a party holding a security interest in another's property
third party: a person other than the principals
insurance against injury to a third party
b: one (as an individual, firm, or corporation) that constitutes the plaintiff or defendant in an action; also: one so involved in the prosecution or defense of a judicial or quasi-judicial proceeding as to be bound or substantially affected by the decision or judgment therein
adverse party: a party to an action who is on the opposing side; specif: a party to a finally decided action whose interests would be served by having the judgment upheld on appeal and who is entitled to notice of an appeal
aggrieved party: a party with a legally recognized interest that is injuriously affected esp. by an act of a judicial or quasi-judicial body and that confers standing to appeal – called also aggrieved person, party aggrieved;
indispensable party: a party whose rights are so connected with the claims being litigated in an action that no judgment can be rendered without affecting or impairing those rights, no complete disposition of the action can be made without the party's joinder, and whose nonjoinder will result in the dismissal of an action compare necessary party in this entry
◇ Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 19 provides the courts with discretion in determining whether the absence of a party requires dismissal of an action, replacing an older and more rigid basis for determination. The rule states that “the court shall determine whether in equity and good conscience the action should proceed among the parties before it, or should be dismissed, the absent person being thus regarded as indispensable.”
innocent party: a party having no fault in or responsibility for the situation for which judicial relief is sought: a party who comes into court with clean hands
necessary party: a party whose interests are so connected with an action that he or she should be joined in order to fully determine the controversy but whose nonjoinder because of a valid excuse will not result in dismissal compare indispensable party in this entry
nominal party: a party who has no actual stake in the outcome of litigation and whose inclusion as a party is solely for the purpose of conforming with procedural rules
party aggrieved: aggrieved party in this entry
party in interest
1: a person whose rights are or will be affected by an action taken esp. by a government or judicial body; esp: a person whose pecuniary interests are affected by a bankruptcy proceeding
2: real party in interest in this entry
proper party: a party whose interests are likely to be affected by litigation and whose inclusion in the litigation is preferable but not essential
real party in interest: a party who according to the applicable law is entitled to enforce the right that forms the basis of the claim regardless of who will actually benefit by the outcome
◇ Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 17(a) requires that “every action shall be prosecuted in the name of the real party in interest.”
third party
1: a person who is not a party to an action but who is or may be liable to the defendant in the action for all or part of the plaintiff's claim and against whom the defendant may bring a third-party complaint
2: a person who is not a party to an action but who is or may be liable to the plaintiff in the action for all or part of a counterclaim and against whom the plaintiff may bring a third-party complaint see also third-party complaint
2: a group of persons usu. sharing a set of political ideals who are organized for the purpose of directing the policies of a government

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

I (litigant) noun adversary, appellant, appellee, challenger, charger, claimant, complainant, contender, contestant, controversialist, defendant, disputant, intervener, libelant, opposing party, petitioner, plaintiff, respondent, suitor associated concepts: adverse party, defect in parties, disinterested party, indispensable party, jurisdiction of parties, material party, mutuality of parties, necessary parties, nominal party, nonjoinder of parties, opposing party, party-in practice, prevailing party, proper party, real party in interest, substantial party foreign phrases:
- Saepe constitutum est, res inter alios judicatas aliis non praejudicare. — It has often been decided that matters adjudged between others ought not to prejudice those who are not parties
II (participant) noun attendant, cooperator, member, partaker, participator, partisan, partner, sharer associated concepts: accommodation party, competent party, guilty party, injured party, innocent party, real party in interest, third party III (political organization) noun association, body, caucus, club, coalition, combine, confederation, faction, group, league, lobby, organized group, party machine, political machine IV index actor, amicus curiae, appellant, applicant (petitioner), assemblage, character (an individual), complainant, constituency, contender, contributor (contributor), denomination, individual, litigant, participant, person, petitioner, privy, side

Burton's Legal Thesaurus. . 2006

(1) A person or entity involved in some transaction or matter; a person or entity on one side of a lawsuit or other dispute.
(2) An organized political group that tries to make its own views the law of the land by participating in elections and working for common goals in government; also called a political party.
See also third party

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

1) A person, business, or other legal entity that files a lawsuit (the plaintiff or petitioner) or defends against one (the defendant or respondent).
2) A person or other legal entity that enters into an agreement.
Category: Representing Yourself in Court
Category: Small Claims Court & Lawsuits
Category: Working With a Lawyer

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

n. A person taking part in a transaction or contract; a person or entity directly involved in a lawsuit.
@ aggrieved party
A party whose pecuniary, personal, or property rights have been negatively affected by the actions of another or by a court's ruling.
See also aggrieved.
@ necessary party
A party whose interests will be affected by his or her close connection to the case and who should be included if feasible, but whose absence would not require the proceedings' dismissal.
n. A party who, because of his or her relationship to or involvement in the underlying facts and issues, should be joined to a case if it all possible.
=>> party.
@ nominal party
A party who appears on the record because of the technical rules of pleading, but who does not necessarily have any real interest in the outcome of the case.
=>> party.
@ party to be charged
Contract law, the party against whom enforcement of the agreement is sought.
=>> party.
@ party wall
Real property, a common support structure between two separately owned pieces of property.
@ prevailing party
The party in whose favor a judgment is rendered, regardless of its magnitude or extent.
=>> party.
@ proper party
A party not essential to the proceeding, but who may be joined in the case because of judicial economy or an interest in the subject matter of the litigation.
=>> party.
@ real party in interest
A person who generally but not necessarily benefits from the suit's final outcome, and who is entitled under law to enforce the right the suit is based upon.
=>> party.
@ third party
A designation of any person not directly involved in a transaction or lawsuit.
n. Someone who is not a party to a lawsuit, agreement, or other interaction, but is in some way involved or affected by it; someone other than the principles to an agreement or a lawsuit.
=>> party.

Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

Any person involved in a transaction or proceeding. A group of voters organized for the purpose of influencing governmental policy, particularly through the nomination and election of candidates for public office.

Dictionary from West's Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005.

Any person involved in a transaction or proceeding. A group of voters organized for the purpose of influencing governmental policy, particularly through the nomination and election of candidates for public office.
II A person, business, or government agency actively involved in the prosecution of defense of a legal proceeding.

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

   1) one of the participants in a lawsuit or other legal proceeding who has an interest in the outcome. Parties include plaintiff (person filing suit), defendant (person sued or charged with a crime), petitioner (files a petition asking for a court ruling), respondent (usually in opposition to a petition or an appeal), cross-complainant (a defendant who sues someone else in the same lawsuit), or cross-defendant (a person sued by a cross-complainant).
   2) a person or entity involved in an agreement.
   3) a common reference by lawyers to people or entities involved in lawsuits, transactions, contracts or accidents, as in "both parties knew what was expected," "he is a party to the contract," "he was not a party to the criminal conspiracy:."

Law dictionary. . 2013.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Party — Par ty (p[aum]r t[y^]), n.; pl. {Parties} (p[aum]r t[i^]z). [F. parti and partie, fr. F. partir to part, divide, L. partire, partiri. See {Part}, v.] 1. A part or portion. [Obs.] The most party of the time. Chaucer. [1913 Webster] 2. A number of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Party — Par ty, adv. Partly. [Obs.] Chaucer. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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