BFOQ abbrbona fide occupational qualification

Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary of Law. . 1996.

Bona fide occupational qualification.

The Essential Law Dictionary. — Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. . 2008.

Category: Employment Law & HR

Nolo’s Plain-English Law Dictionary. . 2009.

A limited exception to the prohibitions against employment discrimination on the basis of sex, religion or national origin under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e (Title VII) and on the basis of age under the Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, 29 U.S.C. §§ 621-34 (ADEA).
The BFOQ exception applies where an employer can prove that an employment preference based on one of these protected class characteristics is reasonably necessary to the normal operation of its particular business or enterprise. For example, a women's clothing store may legitimately hire female rather than male models. The BFOQ exception is disfavored and construed narrowly. Employers attempting to use the BFOQ exception as a legal defense must be prepared to explain why its bias on the basis of sex, religion, national origin or age is truly necessary to the position in the context of the business or enterprise.
For more information see Practice Note, Recruiting and Interviewing: Minimizing Legal Risk: Bona Fide Occupational Qualification Exception (

Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms. . 2010.


Webster's New World Law Dictionary. . 2000.

Bona fide occupational qualification

Short Dictionary of (mostly American) Legal Terms and Abbreviations.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • BFOQ — See bona fide occupational qualification. See also bona fide …   Black's law dictionary

  • bona fide occupational qualification — n: a requirement (as relating to sex, religion, national origin, or age) for a particular job that does not violate the constitutional bans on discrimination see also civil rights act of 1964 and age discrimination in employment act in the… …   Law dictionary

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  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 — Full title An act to enforce the constitutional right to vote, to confer jurisdiction upon the district courts of the United States of America to provide relief against discrimination in public accommodations, to authorize the Attorney General to …   Wikipedia

  • Age Discrimination in Employment Act — The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967, Pub. L. No. 90 202, 81 Stat. 602 (Dec. 15, 1967), codified as Chapter 14 of Title 29 of the United States Code, usc|29|621 through usc|29|634 (ADEA), prohibits employment discrimination against… …   Wikipedia

  • Religious freedom in Canada — is a constitutionally protected right, allowing believers the freedom to assemble and worship without limitation or interference. Legal frameworkConstitutional rightsThe Fundamental Freedoms section of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms… …   Wikipedia

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