carriage by air
a contract to carry goods or passengers by air. Carriage of goods by air is effected under a contract between the consignor and the carrier, with the rights and liabilities of the parties being governed by contract law. In the case of international carriage by air, however, certain international conventions (e.g. Warsaw, 1929) to which the UK is a party impose limits on the nature and extent of carriers' liability. These conventions also deal with such matters as who can sue and be sued, rights to stops in transit, the documentation of air carriage and time limits for complaints. The effect of the Warsaw Convention on ordinary claims in the UK was extensively considered in the House of Lords: Abnett v . British Airways Plc 1997 SLT 492; and in the Scottish Inner House: Herd v. Clyde Helicopters 1996 SLT 976.

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

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