horizontal direct effect

Collins dictionary of law. . 2001.

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  • direct effect — the doctrine in the law of the European Communities that states that a Community Act has direct effect when those who are subject to Community law are given a right. It applies to individuals and institutions. Persons who benefit from the right… …   Law dictionary

  • Direct effect — For the Direct effect model of media influence, see hypodermic needle model. Direct effect should not be confused with Vertical effect and debates over the Horizontal effect of the British Human Rights Act Direct effect is the principle of… …   Wikipedia

  • Horizontal effect (Human Rights Act) — This article refers to the British Human Rights Act. Horizontal effect should not be confused with Direct effect and indirect effect which are terms concerning the European Union or indeed vertical direct effect and horizontal direct effect which …   Wikipedia

  • direct — vb 1 Direct, address, devote, apply are comparable when used reflexively with the meaning to turn or bend one s attention, energies, or abilities to something or when meaning to turn, bend, or point (as one s attention, thoughts, or efforts) to a …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Direct integration of a beam — Direct integration is a structural analysis method for measuring internal shear, internal moment, rotation, and deflection of a beam. Positive directions for forces acting on an element. For a beam with an applied weight w(x), taking downward to… …   Wikipedia

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  • Organic field-effect transistor — OFET based flexible display An organic field effect transistor (OFET) is a field effect transistor using an organic semiconductor in its channel. OFETs can be prepared either by vacuum evaporation of small molecules, by solution casting of… …   Wikipedia

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